IS CARBS ANY GOOD FOR OUR HEALTH???

The answer is: Yes
Carbs plays an important role in our everyday life.
What does it do?

CARBS: is one of the most important ingredients in our life.
His number one job is to provide energy in for our body.

Carbon+ water = carbohydrates

Energy production in a cell- carbohydrates breaks down into a single sugar (glucose)- and glucose becomes energy

There is many kind of sugars, three to be more exact. one sugar, two sugar and many sugars. one two and many sugars is define the number of molecules. one sugar has one molecule, two sugar have two molecules and many sugar have many molecules.

One sugar:

  • Glucose
  • Fructose
  • Galactose

Two sugar:

 

  • Sucrose –  White Sugar= Glucose + Fructose
  • Lactose = Glucose + Galactose
  • Maltose = Glucose + Glucose

Many sugars:

  • Cellulose- fibres
  • Starch- potatoes and corn
  • Glycogen

 

We will now have a look on each of these groups and their components.

one sugar:

Glucose-  consist of carbon+ hydrogen + oxygen

  • The most common and important carbohydrate on the planet
  • provides energy to all the body
  • we can find it in honey, figs, dates and grapes.
  • Glucose + oxygen= creation of energy in the body
  • If you have a lack of glucose in your body you can lose consciousness.
  • If you have too much glucose in your blood , it can be dangerous and can cause many health problems.

Fructose:

  • we can find it in honey, fruits, vegetables and nectar flowers
  • It is widely used in the food industry as a sweetener, products from corn .
  • The significant increase in consumption of High- Fructose Corn syrup consumption was also associated with increased in obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes and kidney disease.
  • Fructose and glucose break down differently in the body.
  • When fructose is absorbed, it is transported directly to the liver, where it breaks down to produce energy.
  • Fructose does not require insulin to reach the cells and digests in the liver, so chronic consumption causes damages to the body, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, fat in the blood, heart problems and cardiovascular disease.

 

What can happen if you have too much fructose in your body?

  • Fructose stimulates the production of fat around the liver, causing high blood triglycerides, and may create fatty liver even cirrhosis.
  • Causes more weight.
  • Fructose has effects on the hunger hormone ( leptin and ghrelin) and high consumption may lead to increased consumption of calories subsequent meals.

Galactose:

Glucose + Galactose= Lactose (milk sugar).

 

Two sugar:

Fructose+ Glucose= Sucrose

Sucrose:

  • Sucrose is the most famous in two sugar.
  • He is created from glucose and fructose.
  • The secretion of insulin from the pancreas, which causes obesity.

Maltose:

  • It consists of two molecules of glucose.
  • It is find in seeds and sprouts.

Lactose : (milk sugar)

  • It is created from glucose and galactose.
  • People who can not dissolve lactose are those whose bodies do not produce lactose.
  • Lactose intolerance (inability to break down lactose) is manifested in diarrhea, abdominal pain, and swelling after consumption of milk or products containing milk. this condition is caused by the lack of lactose deficiency.
  • Lactose then passes into the intestine and is broken down by bacteria, so the symptoms are created.

 

Many sugar:

Starch:

  • Used as a conservatory material, as a source of energy when needed.
  • We can find it in fruits, seeds, buckwheat, oatmeal, beans, cereals, wheat, corn, potatoes and legumes.
  • Excess starch cause accumulation of body fat.
  • Lack of starch causes the body to break up the food proteins in order to provide necessary energy, which can lead to muscle depletion.

Glycogen:

  • Energy reserves of the body.
  • Mostly stored in the liver and in the muscles.
  • in a low carb diet, the reservoirs are depleted within two days.
  • improper process of absorption of glycogen in the body, may cause diabetes disease.

Cellulose:

  • A human body can not fully digest the cellulose, but it breaks down into the intestines by means of bacteria.
  • The human body is needed in sufficient quantity to prevent constipation and diarrhea.
  • We can find it mainly in green vegetables.
  • it is an important and nutritious ingredient in dietary fibre.

 

Excess and lack of carbohydrates:

  • Excess sugar turns into body fat- triglycerides encourage obesity.
  • Eating too much may lead to an imbalance sugar level in the blood.
  • Only in extreme carbohydrate deficiency situations will the body use proteins for energy purposes.
  • The brain needs sugar.

 

 

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